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  1. Course readings 31 items
    There is no textbook that covers the whole course. A detailed reading list will therefore be provided each week. Please familiarise yourself at least with the core readings before each session, as this will enable you to fully participate in lectures and tutorials and improve your overall learning experience. Readings can be found for each lecture and tutorial in their respective tabs on the left. I have made an effort to include also blog posts, podcasts and videos in the reading list so as to accommodate different learning styles and preferences.
    1. Green development: environment and sustainability in a developing world - William Mansfield Adams 2009

      Book  eBook| University username and password required off-campus (Select Shibboleth Login, then UK Higher Education)

    2. Governing sustainability - W. Neil Adger, Andrew Jordan 2009

      Book 

    3. Social nature: theory, practice, and politics - Noel Castree, Bruce Braun 2001

      Book 

    4. The global casino - Nick Middleton 2013

      Book 

    5. Governing the commons: the evolution of institutions for collective action - Elinor Ostrom 1990

      Book 

    6. Global Political Ecology - Richard Peet, Paul Robbins, Michael Watts 2010 (electronic resource)

      Book  eBook| Available via Dawsonera. Requires Central username and password for access. Select Shibboleth Login

    7. Climate change: global risks, challenges and decisions - Katherine Richardson, W. L. Steffen, Diana M. Liverman 2014

      Book 

    8. Climate change and development - Thomas Tanner, Leo Horn-Phathanothai 2013

      Book 

    9. Key online resources 20 items
      1. Useful Podcasts 4 items
      2. Global Development Institute 1 item
        1. Global Development Institute Lecture Series:

           

          You are encouraged to attend the GDI Lecture Series. It constitutes a critical forum of dialogue and exchange in relation to research, policy and practice in international development. The lectures are held every fortnight. You can follow and contribute to discussions on Twitter: #gdilecture. If you have any queries please contact the GDI Lecture Series Coordinator:                                                       

          Dr Tom Gillespie Thomas.Gillespie@manchester.ac.uk

          GDI Blog: http://blog.gdi.manchester.ac.uk/

          Twitter: @GlobalDevInst 

          Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/globaldevinst/  

           

      3. Useful Journals 1 item
        1. Global Environmental Change; Climate and Development; Climatic Change; Climate Policy; Environmental Management; Environmental Planning and Management; Environmental Science and Policy; Geoforum; Development and Change; World Development; Ecological Economics; Annals of the Association of American Geographers; Nature; Progress in Human Geography; Food Policy; Journal of Agrarian Change; Journal of Peasant Studies; Journal of Rural Studies; and Annual Review of Environment and Resources.

  2. Reading for Lecture 1: Introduction and The Evolution of Sustainable Development 14 items
    1. Core reading - Lecture 1 3 items
      1. Green development: environment and sustainability in a developing world - William Mansfield Adams 2009

        Chapter Essential You can access Chapter 1: The Dilemma of Sustainability here

      2. The principles of sustainability - Simon Dresner 2008

        Book Essential You can access an electronic digitised version of Chapter 5: What Does Sustainable Development Mean? here

      3. Weak versus strong sustainability: exploring the limits of two opposing paradigms - Eric Neumayer 2013 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential Especially pp. 22-28.

    2. Recommended reading - Lecture 1 11 items
      1. A Companion to Environmental Geography - Noel Castree, David Demeritt, Diana Liverman, Bruce Rhoads

        Document  Read chapter: Environment and Development by Tom Perrault pp.442-461.

      2. Modern environmentalism: an introduction - David Pepper 1996

        Book 

      3. A radical history of development studies: individuals, institutions and ideologies - Uma Kothari 2005 (Electronic Resource)

        Book  Read chapter by Woodhouse, P. and A. Chimhowu (2005). ‘Development studies, nature and natural resources: changing narratives and discursive practices’

      4. Understanding poverty and the environment: analytical frameworks and approaches - Fiona Nunan 2015

        Book  Read chapter 9

      5. Advancing a Political Ecology of Global Environmental Discourses - W. Neil Adger, Tor A. Benjaminsen, Katrina Brown, Hanne Svarstad 09/2001

        Article 

      6. Varieties of environmentalism: essays north and south - Ramachandra Guha, Juan Martinez-Alier 1997

        Book 

      7. An introduction to sustainable development - Jennifer A. Elliott c2012

        Book Recommended Especially the introduction and chapters 1 and 2.

      8. Something new under the sun: an environmental history of the twentieth-century world - John Robert McNeill 2000

        Chapter Recommended Chapters 1

      9. Sustainable development in a post-Brundtland world - Chris Sneddon, Richard B. Howarth, Richard B. Norgaard 2006-5

        Article Recommended

      10. Our common future - Gro Harlem Brundtland, World Commission on Environment and Development 1987

        Book Recommended

  3. Reading for Lecture 2: Neoliberal environments and sustainable development 21 items
    1. Core reading - Lecture 2 3 items
      1. Neoliberal Environments: False Promises and Unnatural Consequences - Nik Heynen, James McCarthy, Scott Prudham, Paul Robbins 2007 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended (Chapter 1, up to page 14)

    2. Recommended reading - Lecture 2 17 items
      1. Certifying rural spaces: Quality-Certified Products and Rural Governance - Tad Mutersbaugh, Daniel Klooster, Marie-Christine Renard, Peter Taylor 10/2005

        Article 

      2. Questioning REDD+ and the future of market-based conservation - Robert Fletcher, Wolfram Dressler, Bram Büscher, Zachary R. Anderson 06/2016

        Article 

      3. Global political ecology - Richard Peet, Paul Robbins, Michael Watts c2011

        Book  Read The politics of certification: Consumer knowledge, power, and global governance in ecolabeling by Eden, S. 2010 pp.169-184

      4. Looking behind the label: global industries and the conscientious consumer - Tim Bartley, Sebastian Koos, Hiram Samel, Gustavo Setrini 2015

        Book 

      5. The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital - Robert Costanza, Ralph d'Arge, Rudolf de Groot, Stephen Farber 1997-5-15

        Article Recommended

      6. The history of ecosystem services in economic theory and practice: From early notions to markets and payment schemes - Erik Gómez-Baggethun, Rudolf de Groot, Pedro L. Lomas, Carlos Montes 2010-4

        Article Recommended

      7. Economic valuation and the commodification of ecosystem services - E. Gomez-Baggethun, M. Ruiz-Perez 01/10/2011

        Article Recommended

      8. The business of global environmental governance - David L. Levy, Peter Newell c2005

        Book Recommended

      9. Global Political Ecology - Richard Peet, Paul Robbins, Michael Watts 2010 (electronic resource)

        Chapter Essential Chapter 1. Michael Watts, Paul Robbins and Richard Peet: Global Nature. You can access Chapter 1: Global Nature here

      10. Environment and society: a critical introduction - Paul Robbins, John Hintz, Sarah A. Moore 2014

        Book Recommended

    3. Websites 1 item
  4. Reading for Lecture 3 - Representing environment and development: Narratives and spectacle 21 items
    1. Compulsory reading - Lecture 3 (Please engage with at least two in-depth) 4 items
      1. Advancing a Political Ecology of Global Environmental Discourses - W. Neil Adger, Tor A. Benjaminsen, Katrina Brown, Hanne Svarstad 09/2001

        Article Essential

      2. Fair trade narratives and political dynamics - Anne Tallontire, Valerie Nelson 17/05/2013

        Article Essential

    2. Recommended reading - Lecture 3 17 items
      1. Stewards of Virtue? The Ethical Dilemma of CSR in African Agriculture - Michael E. Blowfield, Catherine S. Dolan 01/2008

        Article Recommended

      2. Toward a Critique of the Political Economy of the Sign - Jean Baudrillard, Carl R. Lovitt, Denise Klopsch 1976

        Article Recommended

      3. The consumer society: myths and structures - Jean Baudrillard 1998

        Book Recommended

      4. Celebrity and the environment: fame, wealth and power in conservation - Dan Brockington 2009

        Book Recommended

      5. Power of Development - Jonathan Crush, J. S Crush 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Especially chapter 1, Imagining development (pp. 1-26).

      6. La société du spectacle - Guy Debord 1967

        Book Recommended

      7. Ethical Foodscapes?: Premises, Promises, and Possibilities - Michael K Goodman, Damian Maye, Lewis Holloway 08/2010

        Article Recommended

      8. Representation: cultural representations and signifying practices - Stuart Hall, Open University. Culture, Media and Identities Course Team 1997

        Book Recommended

      9. The lie of the land: challenging received wisdom on the African environment - Melissa Leach, Robin Mearns, International African Institute c1996

        Book Recommended

      10. Popular Representations of Development: Insights from Novels, Films, Television and Social Media - David Lewis, Dennis Rodgers, Michael Woolcock 2014 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended

      11. Media and society: an introduction - Michael O'Shaughnessy, Jane Stadler 2005

        Book Recommended

  5. Reading for Lecture 4 - Limits to growth and natural resource boundaries 19 items
    1. Core reading - Lecture 4 4 items
      1. Limits to growth: the 30-year update - Donella H. Meadows, Jørgen Randers, Dennis L. Meadows 2005

        Book Essential

    2. Recommended reading - Lecture 4 15 items
      1. Planetary Boundaries: Exploring the Safe Operating Space for Humanity - Rockstrom, J ; Steffen, W ; Noone, K ; Persson, A ; Chapin, Fs ; Lambin, E ; Lenton, TM ; Scheffer, M ; Folke, C ; Schellnhuber, Hj ; Nykvist, B ; de Wit, Ca ; Hughes, T ; van Der Leeuw, S ; Rodhe, H ; Sorlin, S ; Snyder, PK ; Costanza, R ; Svedin, U ; Falkenmark, M ; Karlberg, L ; Corell, RW ; Fabry, Vj ; Hansen, J ; Walker, B ; Liverman, D ; Richardson, K ; Crutzen, P ; Foley, J 2009

        Article Recommended

      2. The limits to growth: a report for the Club of Rome's project on the predicament of mankind - Donella H. Meadows, Club of Rome 1974

        Book Essential Especially Introduction and Chapter 1

      3. Integrated water resources management in practice: better water management for development - R. L. Lenton, Mike Muller 2009

        Book Recommended

      4. An essay on the principle of population - T. R. Malthus 1973

        Book Essential

      5. The population bomb - Paul R. Ehrlich c1971

        Book Essential Especially chapters 1 and 2. You can access Chapter 1: The Problem here:

      6. Toward a steady-state economy - Herman E. Daly 1973

        Book Recommended

      7. Silent spring - Rachel Carson 1962

        Book Recommended

      8. Water Resources and Development - Clive Agnew, Philip Woodhouse 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Especially 'Water resources and water development', pp. 282-294.

      9. The conditions of agricultural growth: the economics of agrarian change under population pressure - Ester Boserup 1965

        Book Essential You can access Chapter 4: Carrying Capacity of Land and Productivity of Labour Under here

  6. Reading for Lecture 5 - Climate Change and the Reconstruction Of Development 17 items
    1. Core reading - Lecture 5 6 items
      1. Advancing climate compatible development: lessons from southern Africa - Lindsay C. Stringer, Andrew J. Dougill, Jen C. Dyer, Katharine Vincent 2014-4

        Article 

    2. Recommended reading - Lecture 5 11 items
      1. From climate research to climate compatible development: experiences and progress in the Netherlands - Jeroen A. Veraart, Kim van Nieuwaal, Peter P. J. Driessen, Pavel Kabat 2014-2-8

        Article 

      2. Climate change: global risks, challenges and decisions - Katherine Richardson, Will Steffen, Diana Liverman 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      3. Climate change and development - Thomas Tanner, Leo Horn-Phathanothai 2014

        Book  (Especially Chapters 1, 2 and 5)

      4. Why we disagree about climate change: understanding controversy, inaction and opportunity - M. Hulme c2009

        Book 

      5. Partnership Models for Climate Compatible Development: Experiences from Zambia - Jen Dyer, Julia Leventon, Lindsay Stringer, Andrew Dougill 20/03/2013

        Article 

      6. Resilience and ‘Climatizing’ Development: Examples and policy implications - Emily Boyd, Henny Osbahr, Polly J Ericksen, Emma L Tompkins 2008-9

        Article 

      7. Maladaptation - Jon Barnett, Saffron O’Neill 2010-5

        Article 

  7. Reading for Lecture 6 - Climate change and the economy 11 items
    1. Core reading - Lecture 6 6 items
      1. Hassler J., Krusell, P., and Nycander, J. (2016) Climate Policy, Economic Policy, 31(87), pp. 503-558.

        Document  This paper presents the frontier of climate change economics aiming at policymakers. The structure of the lecture will be primarily based on this paper.

      2. The Climate and the Economy - Hassler J, Krusell P

        Document Essential

      3. Markets and the environment - Nathaniel O. Keohane, Sheila M. Olmstead 2016

        Book Recommended Relevant chapters: Chapters 2,4,5,8-10

      4. The economics of climate change: the Stern review - N. H. Stern 2007

        Book Essential Chapter 6: Economic Modelling of Climate-Change Impacts

    2. Recommended reading 5 items
      1. Optimal Taxes on Fossil Fuel in General Equilibrium - Mikhail Golosov, John Hassler, Per Krusell, Aleh Tsyvinski, 2014

        Article Recommended

      2. Carbon Markets 15 Years after Kyoto: Lessons Learned, New Challenges - Newell, Richard G., William A Pizer, Daniel Raimi

        Article Recommended

  8. Reading for Lecture 7 - Debating biodiversity 13 items
    1. Core reading - Lecture 7 3 items
      1. Green Development: Environment and Sustainability in a Developing World - W.M. Adams 2008 (electronic resource)

        Book  Chapter 10

      2. Protected areas and poverty - Brockington, D. Wilkie, D 2015

        Article 

      3. From hope to crisis and back again? A critical history of the global CBNRM narrative - WOLFRAM DRESSLER, BRAM BÜSCHER, MICHAEL SCHOON, DAN BROCKINGTON 2010-3

        Article 

    2. Recommended reading - Lecture 7 8 items
      1. Against Extinction: The Story of Conservation - William (Bill) Adams 2004 (electronic resource)

        Book  Especially chapters 1 and 7

      2. Nature Unbound: ""Conservation, Capitalism and the Future of Protected Areas"" - Dan Brockington, Rosaleen Duffy, Jim Igoe 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book 

    3. Recommended Podcasts 2 items
  9. Reading for Lecture 8 - Environment and development: Agrarian Perspectives 27 items
    1. Core reading - Lecture 8 5 items
      1. Rethinking Rural Development - Caroline Ashley, Simon Maxwell 12/2001

        Article 

    2. Recommended reading - Lecture 8 22 items
      1. Climate-smart agriculture for food security - Leslie Lipper, Philip Thornton, Bruce M. Campbell, Tobias Baedeker 12/2014

        Article 

      2. Taking agroecology to scale: the Zero Budget Natural Farming peasant movement in Karnataka, India - Ashlesha Khadse, Peter Michael Rosset, Helda Morales, Bruce G. Ferguson 02/01/2018

        Article 

      3. Smallholder Agriculture and Climate Change - Avery S. Cohn, Peter Newton, Juliana D.B. Gil, Laura Kuhl 17/10/2017

        Article 

      4. Food sovereignty: convergence and contradictions, conditions and challenges - Alberto Alonso-Fradejas, Saturnino M. Borras, Todd Holmes, Eric Holt-Giménez 04/03/2015

        Article 

      5. Capitalism and development - Leslie Sklair 1994

        Book  Read Chapter 3 by Bernstein (1994) - Agrarian Classes in Capitalist Development

  10. Lecture 9 - Corporations And Development 29 items
    1. Lecture 9 - Core reading 3 items
      1. International business and global climate change - Jonatan Pinkse, Ans Kolk 2009

        Book  Chapter 1

    2. Lecture 9 - Recommended reading 16 items
      1. Conceptualising corporate community development - Glenn Banks, Regina Scheyvens, Sharon McLennan, Anthony Bebbington 02/2016

        Article 

      2. Greening the firm: the politics of corporate environmentalism - Aseem Prakash 2000 (electronic resource)

        Book 

      3. Empires of profit: commerce, conquest and corporate responsibility - Daniel B. Litvin 2003

        Book 

      4. The business of global environmental governance - David L. Levy, Peter Newell c2005

        Book 

      5. From heresy to dogma: an institutional history of corporate environmentalism - Andrew J Hoffman c1997

        Book 

      6. Introduction to international development: approaches, actors, and issues - Paul Alexander Haslam, Jessica Schafer, Pierre Beaudet 2012

        Book  Chapter 11: Multinational Corporations

      7. The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits - Milton Friedman

        Chapter  In W. C. Zimmerli, M. Holzinger, & K. Richter (Eds.), Corporate Ethics And Corporate Governance (pp. 173–178)

      8. Oil - Gavin Bridge, Philippe Le Billon 2013

        Book  Chapter 5

      9. Corporate responsibility - Michael Blowfield 2014

        Book 

      10. Protected areas and poverty - Brockington, D. Wilkie, D 2015

        Article 

    3. Lecture 10 - Environment and Development - Tradeoffs 10 items
      1. Core Reading 3 items
        1. Biodiversity Conservation and the Millennium Development Goals - J. D. Sachs, J. E. M. Baillie, W. J. Sutherland, P. R. Armsworth 18/09/2009

          Article 

      2. Recommended Reading 7 items
        1. The Ecological Footprint of Poverty Alleviation: Evidence from Mexico's Oportunidades Program - Jennifer Alix-Garcia, Craig McIntosh, Katharine R. E. Sims, Jarrod R. Welch 05/2013

          Article 

        2. Protected areas reduced poverty in Costa Rica and Thailand - K. S. Andam, P. J. Ferraro, K. R. E. Sims, A. Healy 01/06/2010

          Article 

        3. Sustainable development goals for people and planet - David Griggs, Mark Stafford-Smith, Owen Gaffney, Johan Rockstrom 2013

          Document 

        4. 100 key research questions for the post-2015 development agenda - Johan A. Oldekop, Lorenza B. Fontana, Jean Grugel, Nicole Roughton 01/2016

          Article 

  11. Reading for Assessment 1 3 items
    Please select ONE of the three papers as a basis for your critical review (assessment 1).
    1. Extraterritorial Investments, Environmental Crisis, and Collective Action in Latin America - Pablo Ospina Peralta, Anthony Bebbington, Patric Hollenstein, Ilana Nussbaum 09/2015

      Article 

    2. Toward a new understanding of the links between poverty and illegal wildlife hunting - Rosaleen Duffy, Freya A. V. St John, Bram Büscher, Dan Brockington 02/2016

      Article 

  12. Reading for Tutorial 1 - Setting sustainable development in historical context 10 items
    In this session we will explore the historical roots of ideas about environment and development and discuss their contemporary relevance. As you read the core readings please contemplate the following questions which we will discuss in class: What are the key narratives Europeans formed about tropical natures during colonialism? How have ideas of sustainable development changed over time? What are the modern parallels of colonial ideas of environment and development?
    1. Core reading - Tutorial 1 3 items
      1. Green development: environment and sustainability in a developing world - W. M. Adams 2009 (electronic resource)

        Book  Chapter 2

    2. Recommended Reading - Tutorial 1 7 items
      1. Varieties of environmentalism: essays north and south - Ramachandra Guha, Juan Martinez-Alier 1997

        Book  Chapter 4

      2. Modern environmentalism: an introduction - David Pepper 1996

        Book 

      3. Something new under the sun: an environmental history of the twentieth-century world - John Robert McNeill 2001, c2000

        Book  Chapter 1

      4. Nature's economy: a history of ecological ideas - Donald Worster 1994

        Book 

  13. Reading for Tutorial 2 - Writing critical reviews and essays 8 items
    1. This tutorial is direct preparation for Assessments 1 and 2. We will discuss how to write a critical review as well as essay-writing conventions in academia in the UK more generally. Students are advised to have started to work on their critical literature review plan prior to attending this session.

       

      To prepare for the tutorial please

       

      • Watch this 45 minute screen cast on how to get better grades in assignments at GDI in the Video section of the blackboard and here.
      • Read the marking rubric used by GDIfor all written assignments. This is found in the course handbook for all GDI Masters programmes and here.
      • Read this critical review done by a previous ECCD student. In the session we will mark the essay together.
      • Prepare a list of questions about essay writing and critical reviews that you have.
      • Think of a topic you'd like to cover in Tutorial 4.

       

      The session will have two parts:

       

      1. Marking and discussing the example critical review.
      2. Discussing your questions about essay writing and critical reviews.

       

      So please do prepare specific questions otherwise it will be a short session! Also, remember the general rule that if you have a question, there is a very high chance other students will have the same question and may be less brave in asking it. So please ask your questions to help your fellow students.

    2. Core reading - Some books you might find helpful 6 items
      1. There are many many essay and academic writing guides around, here are a few that I have found useful for students in recent years. If you find other useful resources or book, do let me know and we can make this list more useful for other students.

      2. Good essay writing: a social sciences guide - Peter Redman, Wendy Maples, Open University 2011

        Book  A good, quite short, guide to all stages of writing an essay with a social science focus and a good chapter giving examples of (undergraduate) student essays and how they might be read by an assessor

      3. Write it right: a handbook for students - John Peck, Martin Coyle 2005

        Book  A guide to multiple forms of nonfiction writing with some helpful guidance on essays and tricks of effective writing

      4. Writing essays for dummies - Mary Page, Carrie Winstanley 2009 (electronic resource)

        Book  The chapter on ‘Avoiding Plagiarism' is the best chapter I have come across on this; the whole book is pretty good, despite its unfortunate title.

      5. How to write essays & assignments - Kathleen McMillan, Jonathan D. B. Weyers c2011

        Book  A good guide to all stages of writing an essay with useful examples throughout, good chapters on academic style and referencing

      6. "They say / I say": the moves that matter in academic writing - Gerald Graff, Cathy Birkenstein 2018

        Book  The North American classic on academic rhetoric with lots of examples

    3. Other resources

       

      Do look at the University's learning resources (on the left) which includes guides to many aspects of academic writing, particularly in the 'My Learning Essentials' and 'Study Skills' sections. Many students struggling with academic style have also found the Academic Phrasebank useful.

       

      Here is a useful guide for writing essays by an author on academic writing I like. We're not going to do the exercise in class, but you can do it at home. It's also probably more useful for when you've mastered the basics of academic style, structure and referencing.

       

      Here is a series of lecture slides on writing literature reviews in a short space of time.

  14. Tutorial 3 - Climate Change and sustainable development 15 items
    1. Preparation

       

      To preparation, take notes from your readings to address the discussion questions (cf. below) prior to the tutorial.

       

       

      We will begin with a brief introduction exercise. In small groups (3-4 people), you will discuss the following two questions:

       

      • What do you expect the upcoming UNFCCC COP24 negotiations in Katowice to bring for climate change and sustainable development?
      • What do you want the upcoming UNFCCC COP24 negotiations in Katowice to bring for climate change and sustainable development?

       

       

      We will then discuss your thoughts together. Afterwards, the facilitator will divide the tutorial group into two groups. Each group will have 30 minutes to prepare a presentation addressing the discussion questions. The group presentation should provide a summary of your key arguments, lasting approximately 5 minutes in total. The remainder of the tutorial will debate the points raised in further depth.

       

       

      Discussion Questions

       

      1. How does climate change impact development outcomes?
      2. Do development processes lead to a parallel process of adaptation to climate change, or are they a part of the problem?
      3. How can development and climate actions (adaptation and or mitigation) be made more complementary and mutually reinforcing?

    2. Climate change and development - Thomas Tanner, Leo Horn-Phathanothai 2014

      Book  Chapter 4

    3. Recommended Reading 10 items
      1. Developing Adaptation and Adapting Development - Maria Carmen Lemos, Emily Boyd, Emma L. Tompkins, Henny Osbahr 2007

        Article 

      2. Resilience and ‘Climatizing’ Development: Examples and policy implications - Emily Boyd, Henny Osbahr, Polly J Ericksen, Emma L Tompkins 2008-9

        Article 

      3. Climate change: global risks, challenges and decisions - Katherine Richardson, W. L. Steffen, Diana M. Liverman 2014

        Book  Chapter 15

      4. The Earthscan reader on adaptation to climate change - Lisa Schipper, Ian Burton 2009

        Book  Especially Chapter 16

      5. Kevin Anderson's comments on recent COPs are an interesting read on how the international negotiations unfold. His blog is here.